Barries to inclusion

Barriers preventing the full inclusion of people with disabilities, including wheelchair users, into society

Barriers to inclusion of people with disabilities can be grouped in:

Attitudinal barriers can include:

  • assumptions about what is possible for a person with a disability
  • assumptions that people with a disability cannot make decisions for themselves
  • treating people with disabilities as objects of charity
  • in some cultures, it is believed that people with disabilities are cursed and they are excluded from their communities and/or families as a result.

Environmental barriers can include:

  • the natural environment – such as rocky or steep terrain
  • the built environment – such as inaccessible homes, schools, and 
community buildings
  • a lack of assistive devices.

Institutional barriers can include:

  • a lack of government legislation and policies that support the rights of people with disabilities
  • rules and regulations regarding admission criteria for school or university.


To learn more about this topic, read the following pages of your ToT Handbook